Section 1 – The Discussion Aboutالْـمَاضِـي (The Past Tense Verb), الْـمُضَارِعُ (The Present Tense Verb), الأَمْرُ (The Command Tense Verb)
With respect to time, the verb is divided into: the الْـمَاضِـي (the present tense verb), الْـمُضَارِعُ (the past tense verb), الأَمْرُ (the command tense verb).
الْـمَاضِـي (The past tense verb) is a word which in itself shows the meaning of something which has occurred in past time, like the words: اِجْتَحَـدَ , جَـاءَ and تَـعَلَّمَ. The signs that distinguish the past tense verbs are: تَـاء التَّأنِـيثِ السَّاكِـنَةِ (the feminine taa which bears sukuun), like when you say:كَتَـتْ or تَـاء الضَّمير (the taa of the pronoun doer), like when you say: كَتَـبْـتُمْ ,كَتَبْـتُمَا ,كَتَـبْـتِ ,كَتَـبْـتَ ,كَتَبَـتْ and كَتَبْـتُـنَّ.
الْـمُضَارِعُ (The Present Tense Verb) is that which in itself shows the meaning of something which most likely will occur in the present or in the future, like the words: يَجْتَحِـدُ , يَـجِـيءَُ and يَـتَـعَلَّمُ. Among the signs that distinguish the present tense verbs are: لَنْ , لَمْ , سَوفَ , سَ , like when you say: لَنْ أَتَأَخَّرْ , لَمْ أَكْسِلْ , سَوفَ يَـجِـيءَُ.
الأَمْـرُ (The Command Tense Verb) is the verb which demonstrates that an action is sought from the second person doer (you) by way of a command or order, like when you say: اِجْتَحِـدْ , جِـيءَْ and تَـعَلَّمْ. The signs that distinguish the command tense verbs depends on the form pattern of the verb, and in addition, the affixing of ي to the end of the verb to denote the second person feminine doer, like when you say: اِجْتَحِـدي.